Jourdan Appraisal Services has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(Return to top) An appraiser provides an evaluation that produces an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which helps the appraiser conclude this opinion or estimate. One of them is the Cost Approach - which is how much it would cost to replace the improvements, minus physical deterioration and other factors, then adding the land value. Another of the processes is the Sales Comparison Approach - which concerns discovering a comparable analysis to other similar nearby properties which have recently sold. The Sales Comparison Approach is commonly the most definitive and clearest indicator of value for a home. The Income Approach is generally used for finding the market value of income-producing properties based on what an investor would pay based on the amount of income a property produce.
Describe what an appraiser does(Return to top) An appraiser provides a professional, unbiased opinion of market value, in the support of real estate transactions. Appraisers summarize their investigation in appraisal reports.
What would cause me to need a real estate appraisal?(Return to top) There are many reasons to get an appraisal from Jourdan Appraisal Services with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for obtaining an report include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (Return to top)The appraiser is not a home inspector and does not do a comprehensive home inspection. An inspection is a third-party evaluation of the accessible structure and systems of a property, from the roof to the foundation. Generally, a home inspection report will explain the amenities and the necessities of the home: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical functions, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural capacity of the home such as the attic, visible insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
My agent performed a CMA for me. Is that the same as an appraisal?(Return to top) Honestly, they have nothing in common. The CMA relies on indistinct market trends. An appraisal utilizes comparable sales that can be verified by public record. Location and building costs are also important in an appraisal. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. Being a documented and carefully investigated opinion of value, appraisals are defensible and stand up in legal situations.
The credentials of the person creating the report is actually the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. A CMA is written by a real estate agent who may or may not have a true grasp of the market or valuation concepts. The appraisal is produce by a licensed, certified professional who has made a career out of valuing properties. Further, the appraiser is an independent party, with no conditional interest in the value conclusion, unlike the agent, whose income is tied to the value of the home.
What are the contents of an appraisal report? (Return to top)The main purpose of an appraisal report is to provide a value opinion, and depending on the scope of the report, one will customarily see the following:
Upon completion of the appraisal, how can I have certainty that the value conclusion is legitimate?(Return to top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must make sure of the following:
Who employs appraisers?(Return to top) Mortgage lenders are an appraiser's most likely customer, needing their services to ensure real estate involved in a mortgage transaction is enough to cover a loan balance in the case of default. Attorneys and CPAs also retain the services of appraisers for asset division and estate settlements.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Saint Tammany County or other areas?(Return to top) One of the most important activities of an appraiser is to assimilate data. Data can be described as either Specific or General. Specific data is from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are documented by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is collected from a numerous sources. To look up recent sales to be used as "comps", an appraiser will typically go to the local Multiple Listing Service. To verify actual sales prices, we research tax records and other public documents. Flood zone data is retrieved from FEMA data outlets, such as a la mode's InterFlood system.
And most importantly, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her past experience in doing assignments for other houses in the same market.
What can a full appraisal do for me?(Return to top) Any time the value of your home or other real property is being used to make a significant financial decision, an appraisal helps. For those selling a home, you'll want to determine the price that gets you the most profit but also ensures you don't have to wait too long for a buyer to show up; an appraisal can help with that. When buying, you can avoid overpaying by commissioning an independent appraisal. For those settling an estate or divorce, an appraisal from Jourdan Appraisal Services is the best documentation to ensure assets are divided properly. Simply put, a house is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Don't make decisions in the dark with a professional appraisal.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Return to top) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. It covers the lender if a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the market price of the house is less than the loan balance. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
Do you need anything from the homeowner in advance?(Return to top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. During this process, we will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. Is there anything you can do to help? Yes there is! First, be sure the appraiser has easy access to the exterior of the house . Trim any bushes and relocate any items that would make it difficult to measure the structure. On the inside, make sure we can get to appliances like furnaces and water heaters.
You can make things go faster and improve the accuracy of the appraisal report by having the following things on hand:
Define "Market Value"(Return to top) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Who actually owns the appraisal report?(Return to top) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner hires an appraiser directly. In these situations, the appraiser may stipulate the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not stipulated otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Which home renovations add the most to the price?(Return to top) The answer to this is different depending upon the location of the home. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
As a rule, the best ROI from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms were second, yielding 85%. On the contrary, an improvement that may not add value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.